The town was first settled in 1847. In 1849, the Harrison and Brown Stagecoach Stop was created to transport passengers and freight between the communities of Central, South and East Texas. Selma's first post office opened in 1856. As the population grew with an influx of German and Polish immigrants, Selma added stores, cotton gins, blacksmiths, a saloon and a school. Incorporated in 1964, Selma has seen tremendous growth as the I-35 Austin-San Antonio corridor has developed.