The town was established in the 1840s and was chartered in 1873 near an artesian well used by traders. The Northern and Pacific Railroad in 1873 and MKT in 1881 made Mineola a vital link in the area's commerce. Today, Mineola is receptive to progressive innovation while preserving its historic and natural resources. It is in the National Register of Historic Places and is a National Main Street City.
Historic Mineola offers specialty shops and art galleries. Downtown offers a variety of restaurants along with the Select Theater and Lake Country Playhouse, one of the oldest continuously operating movie house in the state. It offers first-run movies and live productions (903/569-2300). Mineola also offers bed-and-breakfast inns. The restored 1906 Depot houses the Railroad Museum and serves as a daily Amtrak Texas Eagle stop (800/USA-Rail). Wood County Airport is just minutes from downtown. Festivals include Main Street Wine Fest, Bigfoot Meets NatureFest, Mays Days, MLOTA's Art Festival and Quilt Show, Ironhorse and Holiday of Lights.