This community, became the county seat when Hamilton County was organized in 1858. It was plagued by Comanche raids in its early years. On the courthouse lawn stands a memorial to Anne Whitney, a frontier schoolteacher killed defending students during a raid. Surrounding the courthouse are a variety of shops and restaurants. Homes dating from the late 1800s dot city streets and country lanes.
Performances throughout the year by the Hamilton Civic Theatre are a highlight of local activity, as is the Hamilton County Dove Festival, which celebrates the start of hunting season.