The town became a county seat when Hemphill County was organized in 1887. It is on the Canadian River. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad is in the northwestern part of the county. Early settlers held one of the first rodeos in Texas. A commercial center, much of its economy derives from ranching and some oil activity.
The Canadian Arts Alliance brings varied performances throughout the year at the renovated 1939 Texas Crown Performance Hall. Call 806/323-6234 or visit www.texascrownhall.org.