The town was established in 1880 with the building of the Texas and Pacific Railroad. A roundhouse, repair shops and switches marked the point named for Matthew Baird, the railroad director who drove the first stake on the T and P Railroad in 1875. Today, it is the Callahan County seat and a commercial center for a farming and livestock area.
Officially recognized as the Antique Capital of West Texas by the Texas Legislature in 1993. The restored turn-of-the-century buildings downtown feature many antique and specialty shops. The Old Rock Jail at 100 W. Fifth St. was moved from the former county seat in Belle Plain.
Area military personnel who perished during World War I, World War II, Korea and Vietnam are remembered on the "Wall of Honor" in the Callahan County Courthouse. Open during business hours.
In season, hunters take wild turkey, deer, quail, dove and hog. Golfers find a challenging and scenic 18-hole golf course inviting year-round.