First settled in 1853, the town was known as Encina in 1855–56. It was once the domain of notorious frontier sheriff and outlaw, J. King Fisher. A historical marker is on the graves of Fisher and early settlers in the Pioneer Cemetery at the 500 block of N. Park Street. Today, it's a retail center for extensive cattle, sheep and goat ranching and truck farming. Industries include vegetable packing and processing, aircraft modifications and garment making. Uvalde, the county seat, is at the intersection of U.S. 90 and U.S. 83. Home of Southwest Texas Junior College, Sul Ross State University and Rio Grande College.