First settled in 1853, the town was known as Encina from 1855-56. It is the county seat. Uvalde was once the domain of notorious frontier sheriff and outlaw, J. King Fisher. A historical marker is on the graves of Fisher and early settlers in the Pioneer Cemetery at the 500 block of N. Park Street. Today, it's a center for an extensive ranching and truck farming area. It is also home of Southwest Texas Junior College, Sul Ross State University and Rio Grande College.