In 1718, at a Native American village along the southern edge of the Texas Hill Country, Spain established the Mission San Antonio de Valero (later called the Alamo). A customary accompanying presidio, San Antonio de Bexar (Bay-her), protected mission endeavors. Today's city and county names are derived from those 18th-century Spanish beginnings that predate the founding of the United States.
Institutions of higher learning include the University of the Incarnate Word, Our Lady of the Lake University, St. Mary's University, National University of Mexico, Trinity University, San Antonio College, Palo Alto College, St. Philip's College, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and the University of Texas at San Antonio.
Some popular events include the Holiday River Parade and Lighting Ceremony in December, the Texas Folklife Festival in June, the San Antonio Livestock Show and Rodeo in mid-February, and the Starving Artists Show held at La Villita and along the River Walk each Easter. Fiesta San Antonio spans 10 days the third and fourth weeks of April.
San Antonio is noted for excellent golf courses. For information: 210/207-6748, 800/ALAMO-07.