Founded in 1887 by Gen. Adam R. Johnson, the city was named for the Colorado River waterfalls over marble outcroppings that were once visible before the dam was built to form Lake Marble Falls. The city gained fame for providing the Texas pink granite from nearby Granite Mountain, which was used to construct the Texas State Capitol in Austin. Stone was donated by citizens in exchange for a rail connection with Austin, so the Austin and Northwest Railroad built an extension from Marble Falls to Granite Mountain in 1889. Granite continues to be quarried here and shipped worldwide.
Birding opportunities range from hummingbirds and warblers in spring and summer to bald eagles in winter. Hunting, fishing and camping also are popular.
The city also offers golf, spas, dining, art galleries, shopping and horseback riding opportunities. Beautiful city parks include boat-launch ramps.