The seat of Jasper County, established in the late 1800s and named for Sgt. William Jasper, a hero of the American Revolution. Area terrain—85 percent forested by pines and hardwoods—ranges from hilly to level.
Jasper's historic town square features the courthouse built in 1889, three bed-and-breakfasts, art galleries, outdoor art sculptures, antique shops, murals, and the old county jail (where county archives are housed). Sandy Creek Park, downtown, features children's playground equipment, fishing ponds, walking trail, picnic areas, basketball courts and a pavilion over the water.
Events include the Jasper Air Show, Azalea Festival and Rod Run in March, Dam to Dam Bike Ride in April, Jasper Lions Club Rodeo in May, Juneteenth Celebration, Fall Festival in October, Festival of Trees in November–December and Christmas Parade in December. Jasper is home to one of the nation's largest fishing tournaments—The Big Bass Splash.