The town was settled in 1846 by immigrant families led by John O. Meusebach from Germany. Although the settlement was on the Comanche frontier, the Meusebach-Comanche Treaty of the next year established lasting peace. Many buildings retain traditional German and frontier styles with more than 700 historical structures—many in the National Register of Historic Places. Old customs are regularly observed, including Schuetzenfests (marksmanship tournaments), Oktoberfest, Zweite Weihnachten and Kinderfest.
It also is the birthplace of Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet during World War II.
Fredericksburg offers opportunities for sportsmen to hunt native and exotic animals. Hunting leases are available in the area.
Fredericksburg Trade Days is held 9 a.m.–6 p.m. Fri.–Sat. and 9 a.m.–4 p.m. Sun. the third weekend of the month. On U.S. 290 East, across from Wildseed Farms. Parking charge. 830/990-4900.
Fredericksburg and Gillespie County are noted for producing about 40 percent of all Texas peaches, as well as for grape growing. There are more than a dozen wineries and numerous tasting rooms in this wine-producing region. For information, visit www.visitfredericksburgtx.com.
The city was home to the first volkssporting event in the U.S. in 1976, and the city's Pilgrimage Routes consist of three different sanctioned routes that can be walked year-round.
For nearby points of interest, see KERRVILLE, STONEWALL and JOHNSON CITY.