On June 16, 1849, Brevet Major Ripley Arnold set up Camp Worth on the banks of the Trinity River, at the confluence of the West and Clear forks. The outpost was named after Arnold's recently deceased former commander, Mexican War hero Gen. William Worth. The settlement grew and survived long after other such towns blew away with the dust of departing pioneers. The cattle industry was king for a generation of people working the Fort Worth leg of the historic Chisholm Trail in the 1860s and 1870s. Cowboys played in Hell's Half Acre, where downtown's Sundance Square stands today, before driving their cattle on to Kansas.
Now the nation's 16th-largest city by population, Fort Worth is a destination redefined. The city brands itself as the "City of Cowboys and Culture," featuring world-class museums, art galleries, live theater, concerts, opera and ballet along with a year-round rodeo and the world's only twice-daily cattle drive.
Fort Worth offers varied entertainment districts, where visitors can experience Western heritage, world-class art, shopping, nightlife and dining. The Stockyards National Historic District, Cultural District, Downtown, Sundance Square, Near Southside, West Seventh, Camp Bowie and the University area are all a short distance from each other.
Fort Worth also is home to the Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Tarrant County College, Texas Christian University, University of North Texas Health Science Center and Texas Wesleyan University.
Events include the Southwestern Exposition and Livestock Show and Rodeo in winter, Main Street Fort Worth Arts Festival in April, Mayfest and Frontier Fort Days in May, Red Steagall Cowboy Gathering and Western Swing Festival in October, and the Lone Star Film Festival in November.