The town was founded in 1901 at the junction of two railroads. Dalhart also is known as the headquarters of the famous XIT Ranch—more than 3 million acres were deeded by the state to the Capitol Syndicate of Chicago in exchange for building the Texas State Capitol in Austin. The city was first called Twist, the designation of a railroad section. It was then called Denrock, combining the railroad names, before finally being named Dalhart, a syllabic combination of two counties (Dallam and Hartley) in which the town lies. It is the seat of Dallam County and is a shipping point for cattle and agricultural products. Dalhart is a stop on the Quanah Parker Trail—as part of the Texas Plains Trail Region. www.quanahparkertrail.com.