This city, established about 1854 and first known as Camp Henderson, is the seat of Johnson County and was once a stop on the Chisholm Trail. In 1867, the community's name changed to honor Confederate Gen. Pat Cleburne. The city's growth was tied to the railroad, and it once was the location of the state's largest railroad construction and repair shop. Currently on display in Hulen Park is the historic locomotive No. 3417, which is featured during Whistle Stop Christmas. The historic downtown district offers eateries and shopping.
Events include Springfest in April, Antique Alley and Yard Sale in April and September, and Chisholm Trail celebration.