Founded in 1840, this town was named for Mathew "Old Paint" Caldwell, noted frontiersman and a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. In the 1850s, Caldwell was a rendezvous for westbound immigrants on the Old San Antonio Road. The Caldwell-Kraitchar House Museum, housed in an 1891 Victorian cottage-style home, is open for tours by appointment. 979/567-0000.
Caldwell is on the Presidential Corridor linking the George Bush Presidential Library and Museum in Bryan/College Station with the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum in Austin. It also lies on Texas 36, a segment of the Ports-to-Plains Highway connecting the state's heartland to coastal ports.
Bed-and-breakfast accommodations are offered in historic buildings The town has been named the "Kolache Capital of Texas" by the Texas Legislature and offers a Kolache Festival on the second Saturday of September.