The town is named for the Hereford cattle breed, and it is the seat of Deaf Smith County. The county is named after Erastus "Deaf" Smith, a scout, spy, soldier and hero of the Texas Revolution who commanded Sam Houston's scouts at the Battle of San Jacinto. Hereford is deeply rooted in cattle and agriculture. Deaf Smith County is known as the "Beef Capital of the World" with more than 3 million head of cattle fed annually in feed yards. Hereford is also the designated site of two ethanol production plants and hosts a branch campus of Amarillo College.
Historic structures include the 1910 Deaf Smith County Courthouse. It is the only courthouse in Texas built entirely of white Georgia marble. 235 E. Third St. Swimming is offered at the Hereford Aquatic Center at 400 E. 15th St.
Events include the Pioneer Days Celebration held Memorial Holiday weekend, July Jubilee on the last week of July, Spicer Gripp Memorial Roping held the first weekend of August, and Beef Capital of the World "Beef Cook-Off" Challenge held on the Saturday of the first weekend of August.
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