The town, in central western Harrison County, originated in 1839 when Fort Crawford was built by W.C. Crawford. In 1869, when the railroad crossed a mile north of the fort, settlers moved to the railroad and named the settlement for Elijah Hall, a pioneer of the section. The city is in the Piney Woods vegetation area and has loblolly, shortleaf, longleaf and slash pines, as well as hickory, maple and other hardwoods.
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