The city was founded in 1891 and incorporated in 1934. It is the seat of Dickens County. The county was created in 1876 from Young and Bexar territories. It is eight miles below the escarpment of the caprock (high plains). First settlements grew from dugout line camps used by cowboys of famous Spur, Pitchfork and Matador ranches. Dickens began as an early pioneer settlement, growing as a rich cotton and cattle producing region. Today, it serves as a retail center for a large ranching and farming area. Hunters know it as the "Unofficial Wild Boar Capital of Texas."
Nearby Croton Breaks region, east of city on U.S. 82, is a scenic area of colorful canyons, buttes and small creeks. Inquire locally for directions.
The Dickens County Courthouse features a memorial walk: bricks engraved with the names of early county residents and their families. Courthouse open 8 a.m.–5 p.m. Mon.–Fri.
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